Tag Archives: practice

練琴,練多少,多久才足夠?

樂器老師,家長或學生們都知道練琴是必須的,尤其對於考試前席的準考生,但究竟練習多少個時數,才是足夠?看不少報章報導,有人年紀輕輕己經達到演奏級,而Colin Lee亦提及過自己每天練習最少八小時,那麼,對業餘的音樂愛好者,又要投放多少時間,才有能力演奏出美妙的樂章?

美國一位學者就以上問題做了一個研究;對象主要是針對小提琴學生,在他們的一生,練習時數和他們將來音樂職業的關係。結論是:

音樂明日之星的練習時數:一萬小時(最少)

成功演奏者:八千小時(最少)

音樂老師:四千小時

簡單來說,若每天練習1小時的話,一星期(星期一至日,風雨不改)便練習了7小時。成為老師便需只有11.9年。若學生由五歲開始學,17或18歲便能成為老師。

但是若要成日出色演奏者,便要將練習時數加陪,即每天練兩小時。對香港學生來說,似乎難過登天。

不論以下研究有多準確也好,它想帶出的一點非常明顯,勤於練習,才有理想效果。當然研究還有值得深究的地方,如樂器改變的話,結果會否不同?學習的時數包括在練習時數內等等。。。

In his book Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell discusses research done at the Berlin Academy of Music. Researchers divided violin students into three categories: the stars, the good performers, and the ones who would become teachers but not performers. It turns out that the number one predictor of which category a violinist fell in was the number of hours of practice.

The future teachers had practiced 4,000 hours in their lifetime. The good performers, 8,000 hours. And those who were categorized as stars? Every single one of them had practiced at least 10,000 hours.

And here’s the compelling part: There wasn’t a single violinist who had practiced 10,000 hours who wasn’t a star. In other words, 10,000 hours of practice guaranteed you’d be a star violinist. According to Gladwell, 10,000 hours of practice is the magic number to become the best at anything.

Advertisements